This area contains a list of the words and expressions that feature frequently in the testimonies.


We have divided the testimonies into several broad categories to facilitate easier browsing of the collection. Select a category below that you would like to learn more about and move deeper through the hierarchical tree as you pinpoint exactly what you are looking for.

Please note:
We are continuing to develop this section of the site. Eventually, lists will connect to relevant Glossary entries, main instances in testimonies and elsewhere. Meanwhile please copy and paste a desired term into the search system to find relevant testimonies.

  • Reporters (of the eyewitness accounts):
    • Reporters by name (A-Z) 
      Reporter Eyewitness account
      Anonymous [Aryan lady] B.161
      Anonymous [German American lady] B.166
      Bauer, Dr. and Frau Theodor B.141
      Berg, Arthur B.65, B.71
      Berggrün, Heinz B.144
      Bergmann, Dr. Franz B.74
      Bettelheim B.5
      Bloch, Henri B.132
      Block, Max B.13
      Braunschweig, Saly B.17, B.150
      Cohen, Alfred B.20
      Comité voor bijzondere Joodsche Belangen B.199
      de Groot-Cossen, H. B.11
      Einhorn B.44
      Eliel B.185
      Eschelbacher, Hermann B.139, B.140
      Fischer, E. B.163, B.178, B.182
      Flörsheim B.135
      Frank B.16
      Geldern, Fred van B.147
      Goslar, Hans B.4, B.70
      Grünwald, Fritz B.156
      Gumpert, Louis B.174
      Gunzburg, Paul Dreyfus de B.78
      Haas, R. A. B.177
      Haas, Richard B.38
      Haas, Rudolf B.27, B.52
      Hartogh, Albert B.170
      Heimann B.25
      Heimann, Max B.175, B.175a
      Heimann, Moritz B.187, B.188, B.200
      Hirsch, Menko Max B.146, B.154, B.189
      Hirschberg, Frau Dr. B.46
      Hirschfeld, Oskar B.102, B.136, B.142, B.149, B.153, B.173, B.179, B.190, B.197
      Horowitz, Rabbi Jos. B.48, B.50
      Jacusiel, Dr. Max B.45
      Japhet, Sammy B.81
      Juna B.155
      Juster, Kurt B.77
      Kahn, Selma B.151
      Kàlmàn, Imre B.186
      Klein, Moritz B.3
      Krimmel, Kurt B.148
      Kupfermann, Moritz B.195
      Lehmann, Arthur B.160
      Leipziger-Stettenheim, Julie B.180
      Lewartowski B.157
      Loewy, Maximilian B.60
      Löwenstein, Carl B.143
      Mann, Erwin B.192
      Meyer, Dr. Curt B.61
      Nassau, Ernst B.79
      Nassau, Heinz W. B.6, B.7, B.10, B.12, B.168, B.169
      Nassau, Julius B.15
      Neuburger, Wilhelm B.65, B.196
      Notgemeinschaft deutscher Wissenschaftler im Ausland B.138
      Nussbaum, Rabbi Dr. B.194
      Oppenheim B.1
      Oppenheimer B.25
      Plaut, Dr. Ernst B.172
      Polak, A. jun. B.165
      Posen, Dr. B.14
      Prywes, Dora B.189
      Reich, Dr. B.173
      Reifmann, Frau B.34
      Schechter B.62
      Schiller, Dr. Willy B.194
      Schlesinger, Josef B.171
      Schnitzler, Friedr. Wilhelm B.72
      Schwarz, Hermann B.162
      Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund B.80, B.137, B.150, B.155, B.184
      Singer, Walter B.134
      Smager B.80
      Steiner, Robert B.130, B.158, B.198
      Taubes, Dr. I. B.76
      Trachtenberg, Egon B.190
      van der Kuylen, Wim B.186
      van Lennep, Frenle B.18
      Vigeveno, G. B.73
      Wachtel, Kurt B.191
      Wallach, Ernst B.171
      Wallerstein, Ernst B.145
      Wolf, Eugen B.131
      Wolff, Benjamin B.51
      Zielenziger, Dr. Kurt B.159, B.176
      Zurich Gemeinde B.184
    • Reporter(s) by testimony 
      Eyewitness account Reporter
      B.1 Oppenheim
      B.3 Klein, Moritz
      B.4 Goslar, Hans
      B.5 Bettelheim
      B.6 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.7 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.10 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.11 de Groot-Cossen, H.
      B.12 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.13 Block, Max
      B.14 Posen, Dr.
      B.15 Nassau, Julius
      B.16 Frank
      B.17 Braunschweig, Saly
      B.18 van Lennep, Frenle
      B.20 Cohen, Alfred
      B.25 Heimann
      B.25 Oppenheimer
      B.27 Haas, Rudolf
      B.34 Reifmann, Frau
      B.38 Haas, Richard
      B.44 Einhorn
      B.45 Jacusiel, Dr. Max
      B.46 Hirschberg, Frau Dr.
      B.48 Horowitz, Rabbi Jos.
      B.50 Horowitz, Rabbi Jos.
      B.51 Wolff, Benjamin
      B.52 Haas, Rudolf
      B.60 Loewy, Maximilian
      B.61 Meyer, Dr. Curt
      B.62 Schechter
      B.65 Berg, Arthur
      B.65 Neuburger, Wilhelm
      B.70 Goslar, Hans
      B.71 Berg, Arthur
      B.72 Schnitzler, Friedr. Wilhelm
      B.73 Vigeveno, G.
      B.74 Bergmann, Dr. Franz
      B.76 Taubes, Dr. I.
      B.77 Juster, Kurt
      B.78 Gunzburg, Paul Dreyfus de
      B.79 Nassau, Ernst
      B.80 Smager
      B.80 Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund
      B.81 Japhet, Sammy
      B.102 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.130 Steiner, Robert
      B.131 Wolf, Eugen
      B.132 Bloch, Henri
      B.134 Singer, Walter
      B.135 Flörsheim
      B.136 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.137 Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund
      B.138 Notgemeinschaft deutscher Wissenschaftler im Ausland
      B.139 Eschelbacher, Hermann
      B.140 Eschelbacher, Hermann
      B.141 Bauer, Dr. Theodor
      B.141 Bauer, Frau Dr.
      B.142 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.143 Löwenstein, Carl
      B.144 Berggrün, Heinz
      B.145 Wallerstein, Ernst
      B.146 Hirsch, Menko Max
      B.147 Geldern, Fred van
      B.148 Krimmel, Kurt
      B.149 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.150 Braunschweig, Saly
      B.150 Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund
      B.151 Kahn, Selma
      B.153 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.154 Hirsch, Menko Max
      B.155 Juna
      B.155 Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund
      B.156 Grünwald, Fritz
      B.157 Lewartowski
      B.158 Steiner, Robert
      B.159 Zielenziger, Dr. Kurt
      B.160 Lehmann, Arthur
      B.161 Aryan lady
      B.162 Schwarz, Hermann
      B.163 Fischer, Emil
      B.165 Polak, A. jun.
      B.166 German-American lady
      B.168 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.169 Nassau, Heinz W.
      B.170 Hartogh, Albert
      B.171 Schlesinger, Josef
      B.171 Wallach, Ernst
      B.172 Plaut, Dr. Ernst
      B.173 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.173 Reich, Dr.
      B.174 Gumpert, Louis
      B.175 Heimann, Max
      B.175a Heimann, Max a
      B.176 Zielenziger, Dr. Kurt
      B.177 Bamberger, Olga Herz
      B.177 Haas, R. A.
      B.178 Fischer, E.
      B.179 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.180 Leipziger-Stettenheim, Julie
      B.182 Fischer, E.
      B.184 Schweizer Israelitischer Gemeindebund
      B.184 Zurich Gemeinde
      B.185 Eliel
      B.186 Kàlmàn, Imre
      B.186 van der Kuylen, Wim
      B.187 Heimann, Moritz
      B.188 Heimann, Moritz
      B.189 Hirsch, Menko Max
      B.189 Prywes, Dora
      B.190 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.190 Trachtenberg, Egon
      B.191 Wachtel, Kurt
      B.192 Mann, Erwin
      B.194 Nussbaum, Rabbi Dr.
      B.194 Schiller, Dr. Willy
      B.195 Kupfermann, Moritz
      B.196 Neuburger, Wilhelm
      B.197 Hirschfeld, Oskar
      B.198 Steiner, Robert
      B.199 Comité voor bijzondere Joodsche Belangen
      B.200 Heimann, Moritz
    • Locations from reporter addresses (A-Z) 
    • Locations from reported testimonies (A-Z) 
  • Rabbis, Doctors and Lawyers 
    Rabbis (named) Eyewitness account
    Baeck B.333
    Baerwald B.71
    Bohrer B.212
    Caro B.73
    Cohn B.75
    Ehrentreu B.71
    Eschelbacher B.3, B.16, B.29, B.37
    Finkelscherer B.71
    Frank B.97
    Frankfurter B.122
    Fuchs B.165
    Heilbronn B.2
    Hirschberg B.46
    Hoffmann B.162
    Hofmann B.96
    Horovitz, Jacob B.4, B.32, B.48, B.50, B.70, B.81
    Horovitz, Marcus B.4
    Horowitz B.48
    Jospe B.70, B.87
    Kahn B.93
    Klein B.3, B.16, B.29, B.37, B.172
    Köhler B.145
    Lauer B.157
    Lemmle B.4
    Lewin B.96
    Margulies B.190
    Michalski B.51
    Nussbaum B.194
    Ochs B.193
    Papo B.102
    Schifftan B.178
    Schönberger B.116
    Schönburger B.5
    Schreiber B.42, B.55
    Swarsensky B.70, B.87
    van der Zyl B.70, B.87
    Vogelstein B.83
    Wunderrabbi B.143

    Rabbis (not named)

    Eyewitness account
    [Bremen] B.194
    [Breslau] B.83
    [Cologne] B.92
    [Dachau] B.
    [Emden] B.241
    [Frankfurt am Main] B.119
    [Graz] B.296
    [Hirschberg] B.148
    [Leipzig] B.326
    [Mannheim] B.157
    [Regensburg] B.71
    [Sachsenhausen]
    [Siegburg] B.145
    [Vienna]

    Doctors

    Eyewitness account
    Bauer B.141, B.142
    Boas B.42
    Engelmann B.238
    Germar B.178
    Goldberg B.231
    Hartogh B.170
    Hessberg B.79
    Hirschberg B.42
    Horowitz B.236
    Klar B.178
    Kries B.216
    Löwenberg B.3
    Löwenthal B.48
    Merzbach B.48
    Meyer B.48
    Niedermeier B.328
    Rosenbaum B.48
    Rosenthal B.48
    Schnerb B.48
    Valentin B.234
    Wallach B.37
    Weinstock B.238

    Lawyers

    Eyewitness account
    Bergmann B.74
    Berlin, Walter B.2, B.9, B.116
    Bloch B.138
    Ehrlich B.300
    Eilenburg B.128
    Frank B.252
    Goldstein B.2
    Gotthard B.330
    Guggenheim B.77
    Haas B.27, B.53, B.177
    Heidenheimer B.38
    Heinemann B.79, B.172
    Imbermann B.153
    Josefsthal [Josephthal] B.2, B.9
    Landenberger B.2
    Leonhard B.238
    Loewenstein B.116
    Löwenstein B.33
    Löwisohn B.3
    Marcuse B.42
    Meyer B.303
    Ortweiler B.317
    Richter B.218
    Riesser B.160
    Rosenstock B.1
    Schiller B.193
    Sperber B.218
    Stein B.336
    Sussmann B.164
    Taubes B.76
  • Women and children 
    Women

    People

    Places

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • antisemitic insults
    • arrests
    • assaults
    • mistreatment
    • released from arrest

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • extermination policy
    • Polenaktion

    Other

    • abortions
    Children

    People

    • care
    • Christians

    Places

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • arrests
    • identity card see ausweis
    • mistreatment
    • schools
    • suicides

    Concentration Camps

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • extermination policy

    Emigration

    • travel permits

    Other

    • photographs
  • Aryans and Christians 
    Aryans

    People

    • Asoziale
    • assistance
    • attitudes
    • caretakers
    • children
    • Communists
    • customers
    • doctors
    • employees
    • eyewitnesses
    • Halb-Arier
    • Jeweller
    • Kapo
    • Krankenträger
    • landlords
    • lawyer
    • neighbours
    • nurses
    • prisoners
    • Rein-Arier
    • Representatives
    • Swiss
    • wives
    • women

    Places

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • arrests
    • fines
    • goods
    • interrogations
    • permit (see Arierbeweis)
    • schools
    • shops

    Concentration Camps

    Emigration

    • passports
    Christians

    People

    • assistance
    • attitudes
    • caretakers
    • children
    • doctors
    • eyewitnesses
    • prisoners

    Places

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • Furniture
    • shops
    • suicides

    Concentration Camps

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • Polenaktion

    Other

    • baptisms
  • War Veterans and War Disabled 

    People

    • War disabled
    • War veterans
  • Press 
    • Algemeen Handelsblad
    • Angriff, Der
    • Basler Nachrichten
    • Berliner Lokalanzieger
    • Birmingham Post
    • Bund
    • CV Zeitung
    • Danziger Vorposten
    • Essener Nationalzeitung
    • Fränkische Tageszeitung
    • Fränkischen Kurier
    • Gazetta Ticinese
    • Gemeindeblatt Montevideo
    • Hakenkreuzbanner
    • Hamburger Tageblatt
    • Illustrierte
    • Israelitisches Familienblatt
    • Jewish Telegraphic Agency
    • Jüdische Auswanderung
    • Jüdische Nachrichtenblatt
    • Jüdische Rundschau
    • Kronenzeitung
    • Kurhessische Landeszeitung
    • Luxemburger Wort
    • Morgen
    • Morgenpost
    • National Zeitung
    • Neue Freie Presse
    • Neue Tag, Der
    • Neue Welt, Die
    • Neue Zürcher Zeitung
    • Neues Wiener Tagblatt
    • News Chronicle
    • Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant
    • Nürnberg-Fürther Neuesten Nachrichten
    • Paris Soir
    • Pariser Tageszeitung
    • Populaire
    • Prager Tagblatt
    • Reuter
    • Salzburger Volksblatt
    • Schlesische Tageszeitung
    • Schwarze Korps, Das
    • Stürmer, Der
    • Telegraph, Der
    • Telegraph, The
    • Temps
    • Times, The
    • United Press
    • Univers Israélite, L'
    • Volk, Het
    • Völkischer Beobachter
    • Völkischer Beobachter Wien
    • Wahrheit, Die
    • Westfalische Landeszeitung
    • Wiener Tag, Der
    • Zeit, Die
    • Zionistische Rundschau
  • People:
    • Arrests, interrogations and released from arrest 
    • Antisemitic insults and signs 
      Antisemitic Insults

      People

      • Polish Jews
      • Women

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Fürth
      • Vienna

      Harms to People, Places and Property

      • schools

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • Dachau
      • Sachsenhausen

      Terror events and Nazi organisations

      • Gestapo
      Antisemitic Signs

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Fürth
      • Hamburg
      • Vienna
    • Mistreatment 

      People

      • children
      • rabbis
      • women

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Beuthen
      • Burgenland
      • Dortmund
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Kassel
      • Menden
      • Thuringia
      • Trier
      • Vienna

      Harms to Places, People and Property

      • 24 auf den Nackten
      • 25 vorm Arsch
      • acid
      • antisemitic insults
      • antisemitic signs
      • arms and fingers
      • auf der Flucht erschoßen
      • barefoot on glass
      • Baumhängen
      • beards
      • beating
      • beating: Aryans
      • beating: Bamberg
      • beating: Berlin-Charlottenburg
      • beating: Buchenwald
      • beating: Dachau
      • beating: Erfurt
      • beating: Fürth
      • beating: Juli-Aktion
      • beating: Norden
      • beating: Nordhausen
      • beating: Nuremberg
      • beating: Rabbis
      • beating: Sachsenhausen
      • beating: Vienna
      • beating: Wiener Sonderzug
      • boxing
      • castor oil
      • climbing
      • crate
      • crawling
      • dancing
      • deaths
      • detentions
      • dirt
      • dragging
      • drills
      • encasing
      • evidence
      • excrement
      • exercises
      • exercises: Buchenwald
      • exercises: Dachau
      • exercises: Emden
      • exercises: Frankfurt am Main
      • exercises: Sachsenhausen
      • exercises: Vienna
      • fractures
      • ground kissing
      • hair
      • hanging
      • hoisting
      • hopping
      • isolation
      • jackets
      • jokes
      • kicking
      • kicking: Buchenwald
      • kicking: Dachau
      • kicking: Esterwegen
      • kicking: Nordhausen
      • kicking: Nuremberg
      • kicking: Sachsenhausen
      • kicking: Vienna
      • knee bends
      • knee bends: Dachau
      • knee bends: Sachsenhausen
      • knee bends: Vienna
      • kneeling
      • licking
      • lip smacking
      • marching
      • monkey
      • punching
      • ridiculing
      • Rollen
      • rotating
      • running
      • Sachsengruß
      • schools
      • shooting
      • shooting: Buchenwald
      • shooting: Juni-Aktion
      • shooting: Sachsenhausen
      • shouting
      • singing
      • sitting
      • skin
      • slapping
      • solitary confinement
      • spitting
      • stabbing
      • standing
      • standing: Berlin-Charlottenburg
      • standing: Buchenwald
      • standing: Dachau
      • standing: Frankfurt am Main
      • standing: Fürth
      • standing: prisons
      • standing: Sachsenhausen
      • standing: Vienna
      • standing at the gate
      • staring
      • starving
      • stoning
      • Strafexerzieren
      • sweeping
      • threats
      • towels
      • trampling
      • urine
      • wall standing
      • wall standing: Buchenwald
      • wall standing: Dachau
      • wall standing: prisons
      • wall standing: Vienna
      • water
      • whipping
      • whipping: Aryans
      • whipping: Buchenwald
      • whipping: non-Aryans
      • whipping: Sachsenhausen
      • whipping: Witzenhausen

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • Blocksperre
      • Bunker
      • Dachau

      Terror events and Nazi organisations

      • Juni-Aktion

      Emigration

      • Emigration

      Other

      • Kaddish
      • Zur roten Fahnen
    • Ill health, injury, suicides and death 

      Ill health and injury

      • depression
      • despair
      • despair: Breslau
      • despair: Buchenwald
      • despair: Dachau
      • despair: Nuremberg
      • despair: Offenburg
      • despair: Sachsenhausen
      • despair: Vienna
      • despair: Wesermünde
      • diabetics
      • dysentery
      • fractures
      • fractures: Buchenwald
      • fractures: Düsseldorf
      • fractures: Fürth
      • fractures: Nuremberg
      • fractures: Vienna
      • frostbite
      • heart attacks
      • heart attacks: concentration camps
      • heart attacks: men
      • heart attacks: prisons
      • nervous breakdowns
      • phlegmon
      • pneumonia
      • typhus
      Suicides

      People

      • Christians

      Places

      • Altona
      • Bamberg
      • Berlin
      • Bohemia
      • Essen
      • France
      • Fürth
      • Hamburg
      • Italy
      • Karlsruhe
      • Mannheim
      • Moravia
      • Munich
      • Nassau
      • Nuremberg
      • Prague
      • Reichenbach
      • Silesia
      • Vienna
      • Weimar
      • Würzburg

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • Dachau
      • Sachsenhausen
      Deaths

      Places

      • Baden-Baden
      • Berlin
      • Chemnitz
      • Dortmund
      • Düsseldorf
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Fürth
      • Hamburg
      • Hilden
      • Lünen
      • Munich
      • Nuremberg
      • prisons
      • Vienna

      Harms to People, Places, and Property

      • arrests

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • concentration camps
      • Dachau
      • Sachsenhausen

      Terror events and Nazi organisations

      • Juni-Aktion
      • Polenaktion
  • Places:
    • Homes, old people's homes and orphanages 
      Homes

      Places

      • Arnsberg
      • Austria
      • Berlin
      • Beuthen
      • Breslau
      • Cologne
      • Dinslaken
      • Dortmund
      • Duisburg
      • Düsseldorf
      • Emden
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Fürth
      • home
      • Hülchrath
      • Kemel
      • Kiel
      • Leipzig
      • Menden
      • Meschede
      • Nordhausen
      • Nuremberg
      • Selm-Beifang
      • Silesia, Upper
      • Solingen
      • Vienna
      Old people's homes

      Places

      • Austria
      • Breslau
      • Emden
      • Essen-Werden
      • France
      • Liegnitz
      • Netherlands
      • Neustadt an der Weinstraße
      Orphanages

      Places

      • Antwerp
      • Dinslaken
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Hamburg
      • Hanover
      • Königsberg
    • Shops, damaged 
      Damaged shops

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Cologne
      • Dortmund
      • Düsseldorf
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Kiel
      • Leipzig
      • Mannheim
      • Menden
      • Vienna
    • Synagogues and cemeteries 
      Synagogues

      People

      • caretakers

      Places

      • Munich
      • Nuremberg
      • Vienna

      Harms to People, Places, and Property

      • blown up
      • blown up: Gailingen
      • blown up: Mannheim
      • blown up: Münster
      • blown up: Vienna
      • damaged
      • damaged: Dortmund
      • damaged: Halberstadt
      • damaged: Hörde
      • damaged: Kassel
      • damaged: Mannheim
      • damaged: Würzburg
      • demolished
      • destroyed
      • destroyed: Austria
      • destroyed: Dortmund
      • destroyed: Potsdam
      • expropriations
      • fires
      • fires: Austria
      • fires: Bamberg
      • fires: Berlin
      • fires: Beuthen
      • fires: Chemnitz
      • fires: Dinslaken
      • fires: Düsseldorf
      • fires: Emden
      • fires: Erfurt
      • fires: Frankfurt am Main
      • fires: Friedeck
      • fires: Fürth
      • fires: Gablonz
      • fires: Hanover
      • fires: Hesse
      • fires: Hirschberg
      • fires: Kiel
      • fires: Landeck
      • fires: Leipzig
      • fires: Lichtenfels
      • fires: Mährisch Ostrau
      • fires: Mannheim
      • fires: Münster
      • fires: Nassau
      • fires: Nuremberg
      • fires: Oderfurt
      • fires: Offenbach
      • fires: Oppeln
      • fires: Rätzeburg
      • fires: Regensberg
      • fires: Schwerin
      • fires: Siegburg
      • fires: Tiberias
      • fires: Vienna
      • fires: Witzenhausen
      • fires: Zabreh
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]: Fürth
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]: Hirschberg
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]: Leipzig
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]: Nordhausen
      • fire brigade [Feuerwehr]: Oderfurt
      • organs
      • religious objects
      • religious objects: altar cloths
      • religious objects: ark
      • religious objects: Betpult [prayer stool]
      • religious objects: Chanukkahleuchter [menorah]
      • religious objects: Kidduschbecher [kiddush cup]
      • religious objects: kittel [ceremonial robes]
      • religious objects: Langen
      • religious objects: lulav [palm branch]
      • religious objects: Memorbuch [memory book]
      • religious objects: menorah see Chanukkahleuchter
      • religious objects: Nuremberg
      • religious objects: phylacteries see tefillin
      • religious objects: prayer
      • religious objects: prayer books
      • religious objects: prayer objects
      • religious objects: Sabbathleuchter [sabbath lamp]
      • religious objects: tallit [prayer shawl]
      • religious objects: tefillin [phylacteries]
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Aachen
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Berlin
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Bonn
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Cologne
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Frankfurt am Main
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Herford
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Hirschberg
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Karlsruhe
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Kiel
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Leipzig
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Mannheim
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Nuremberg
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Potsdam
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Vienna
      • religious objects: Thorarollen [Torah scrolls]: Zabreh
      • services
      • swastika flag
      Cemeteries

      People

      • Polish Jews

      Places

      • Baden bei Wien
      • Berlin
      • Breslau
      • Graz
      • Halberstadt
      • Hanover
      • Jewish school
      • Leipzig
      • Mannheim
      • Munich
      • Nuremberg
      • Pfingsberg
      • Potsdam
      • Tiengen
      • Vienna
      • Weimar
    • Prisons 

      Places

      • Russia
      • Vienna
      • Zuchthaus

      Harms to People, Places and Property

      • Appell
      • beds
      • deaths
      • food
      • furniture
      • interrogations
      • release
    • For concentration camps please see below)
  • Property:
    • Expropriations 

      Places

      • Fürth

      Harms to People, Places and Property

      • artworks
      • books
      • buildings
      • businesses
      • cars
      • clothing
      • dentists' equipment
      • gold
      • goods
      • homes
      • jewellery
      • land
      • money
      • musical instruments
      • property
      • radios
      • receipts
      • silver
      • synagogues
      • watches

      Emigration

      • emigration
    • Aryanisation 

      Places

      • Austria
      • Berlin
      • Bohemia
      • clinics
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Moravia
      • Prague
      • Vienna

      Other

      • Arisierungsabgabe [Aryanisation duty]
      • Arisierungsbefehl [Aryanisation order]
      • divorce
    • Taxes and regulations 
      • Abschiebungshaft [custody pending deportation] 
      • Abtreibungsparagraph [abortion paragraph]
      • affidavits
      • Anteilscheine [share certificates]
      • Antwortschein [reply coupon]
      • Arbeitseinsatzgesetz [work deployment law]
      • Arierbeweis [Aryan permit]
      • Arisierungsabgabe [Aryanisation duty]
      • Arisierungsbefehl [Aryanisation order]
      • Armutszeugnis [poverty certificate]
      • attorney, power of
      • Aufenthaltsgenehmigung [residence permit]
      • Aufenthaltsverbot [exclusion order]
      • Ausfuhrsteuer-Genehmigung [export tax permit]
      • Auskunftserteilung [disclosure of information]
      • Auslösebefugnis [redemption authority]
      • Ausreisegenehmigung [exit permit]
      • Auswanderungs-Beratungsstelle [emigration advice centre]
      • Auswanderungspass [emigration passport]
      • Ausweisungshaft [custody pending deportation]
      • Befürwortung [endorsement]
      • Beschlagnahme [confiscation]
      • Besteuerung [tax assessment]
      • customs officials
      • Devisenabfertigung [foreign currency clearance]
      • Durchlaßschein [travel permit]
      • Ehestandsdarlehen [marriage loan]
      • Einreise [entry permit]
      • Enteignungsverfahren [expropriation procedure]
      • Entlassungsgesuch [release petition]
      • Entlassungsschein [release certificate]
      • fines
      • Fluchtsteuer [departure tax]
      • Grenzschein [border permit]
      • Innernministerium [Ministry of the Interior]
      • Inschutzhaftnahme [protective detention]
      • insurance
      • Jüdisches Sozialamt [Jewish social services office]
      • Kennkarte [identity card]
      • Kinderausweis [child's identity card]
      • Kontribution [Novemberaktion tax]
      • Kurtaxe [spa visitor's tax]
      • Landesfinanzamt [regional tax office]
      • Landesgericht [regional court]
      • Landungsgeld [landing charge]
      • Legitimationskarte [identity card]
      • Munich Agreement
      • names, Jewish
      • non-disclosure statement
      • notices to quit
      • Nuremberg Laws
      • Packgenehmigung [packing permit]
      • Papiermark [paper marks]
      • Passus [release form]
      • pensions
      • Schutzhaftbefehl [protective custody order]
      • Sesshaftmachung [settlement arrangement]
      • Sperrmark [blocked marks]
      • Steuerunbedenklichkeit [tax clearance certificate]
      • stock exchanges
      • taxes
      • Transitaufenthalt [transit residence]
      • Umsatzsteuer [turnover tax]
      • Unbedenklichkeitsbescheinigung [clearance certificate]
      • Unterwerfungsverfahren [submission process]
      • Verfügungsberechtiger [person with power of disposal]
      • Vergeltungsmaßregeln [retribution measures]
      • Vermögensanmeldung [assets registration]
      • Vermögenserklärung [assets statement]
      • Vorladung [summons]
      • weapons surrender
      • welfare
      • Wohlfahrtsgesetzgebung [welfare legislation]
      • Zollfahndung [customs investigation]
  • Concentration camps (general) 

    People

    • children
    • doctors
    • inmates
    • intellectuals
    • Lagerkommandant
    • press foreign
    • SS
    • wives
    • women

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • Appell
    • arrests
    • barracks
    • beds
    • construction
    • cremation
    • deaths
    • fences
    • food
    • glasses
    • labour
    • mistreatment
    • money
    • release
    • searchlights
    • sick bays
    • watchtowers
    • work
  • Buchenwald 

    People

    • Aktionsjuden
    • Arbeitskommandos
    • Arbeitslose
    • Arbeitsscheue
    • Aryans
    • Asoziale
    • Christians
    • Communists
    • Criminals
    • diabetics
    • doctors
    • Hochverräter
    • homosexuals
    • inmates
    • disabled
    • intellectuals
    • Jehovah’s Witnesses
    • Kapo
    • Kommandant see Lagerkommandant
    • Krankenwärter
    • Kriminalpolizei
    • Lagerkommandant
    • Novemberjuden
    • police
    • political prisoners
    • population
    • prisoners
    • Rassenschänder
    • Sanitäter
    • Vicelagerkommandant

    Places

    • Vienna

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • antisemitic insults
    • Appell
    • bandages
    • barracks
    • Baumhängen
    • beds
    • Bock
    • Bunker
    • canteen
    • clothing
    • coffee
    • coffins
    • deaths
    • dysentery
    • escapes
    • fences
    • food
    • fractures
    • gallows
    • gate
    • hair
    • latrines
    • mistreatment
    • money
    • pneumonia
    • prisoners' uniforms
    • punishments see mistreatment
    • quarry
    • release
    • Sanitätsbarack
    • searchlights
    • sick bay
    • Stufendienst
    • suicides
    • Totenwald
    • tunnel
    • washhouse
    • watchtowers
    • water
    • work
    • zoo

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • Juni-Aktion
    • SA
    • SS
    • SS-Verfügungstruppe
    • Strafkompanien
    • Vienna SS

    Other

    • dogs
    • newspapers
    • photographs
    • letters
  • Dachau 

    People

    • Aktionsjuden
    • Arbeitskommando
    • Arbeitsscheue
    • Aryans
    • criminals
    • Deputy Lagerkommandant
    • doctors
    • Frondienst
    • inmates
    • Kapo
    • Krankenträger
    • Lagerkommandant
    • Lutheran priest
    • orthodox Jews
    • police
    • political prisoners
    • rabbis
    • Rassenschänder
    • Remigrant
    • Sanitäter
    • Sudeten Germans

    Places

    • Limburg ander Lahn
    • Vienna
    • Jourhaus
    • Vienna

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • antisemitic insults
    • Appell
    • Aufnahmeraum
    • bandages
    • barracks
    • Baumhängen
    • beds
    • Bock
    • Bunker
    • canteen
    • clothing
    • coffee
    • deaths
    • escapes
    • food
    • gloves
    • hospital
    • latrines
    • lice
    • mistreatment
    • money
    • passports
    • prisoners' uniforms
    • purge
    • release
    • Schubraum
    • Schutzhaft
    • searchlights
    • sick bay
    • suicides
    • typhus
    • underclothing
    • urns
    • water
    • work
    • Zählappell
    • zoo

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • SA
    • SS

    Other

    • Letters
    • Palatinate
    • photographs
  • Sachsenhausen and Oranienburg 

    People

    • Arbeitskommandos
    • Arbeitsscheue
    • Aryans
    • Asoziale
    • Catholics
    • children
    • Communists
    • Criminals
    • doctors
    • guards
    • homosexuals
    • inmates
    • Jehovah’s Witnesses
    • Kapo
    • Lagerführer
    • Lagerkommandant
    • lawyers
    • notaries
    • political prisoners
    • press foreign
    • rabbis
    • Remigrant
    • Sanitäter
    • Sudeten Germans

    Harms to People, Places and Property

    • antisemitic insults
    • Appell
    • barracks
    • Bock
    • brickworks
    • Bunker
    • canteen
    • cement
    • censorship
    • clothing
    • deaths
    • dysentery
    • Ehrenhaft
    • escapes
    • fences
    • food
    • Hachshara
    • latrines
    • Laube
    • mistreatment
    • money
    • prisoners' uniforms
    • quarry
    • release
    • Rollen
    • searchlights
    • shooting range
    • sick bay
    • solitary confinement
    • Stehrapport
    • suicides
    • watchtowers
    • water
    • work
    • Zählappell
    • zoo

    Terror events and Nazi organisations

    • Juni-Aktion
    • SA
    • SS
    • SS-Verfügungstruppe
    • Vienna SS

    Other

    • letters
    • photographs
  • Prisoners, uniforms and badges 
    Prisoners

    People

    • Aktionsjuden see under Buchenwald; Dachau
    • Arbeitsscheue [work shy]
    • Arbeitsscheue [work shy]: Buchenwald
    • Arbeitsscheue [work shy]: Dachau
    • Arbeitsscheue [work shy]: Sachsenhausen
    • Asoziale [asocial]
    • Asoziale [asocial]: Aryans
    • Asoziale [asocial]: Juni-Aktion
    • Berufsverbrecher / BV see criminals
    • Communists
    • criminals
    • criminals: Buchenwald
    • criminals: Dachau
    • criminals: Juni-Aktion
    • criminals: photographs
    • criminals: Sachsenhausen
    • Gypsies
    • homosexuals / -ers
    • Jehovah's Witnesses
    • Novemberjuden see under Buchenwald
    • political prisoners
    • political prisoners: Buchenwald
    • political prisoners: Dachau
    • political prisoners: Sachsenhausen
    • Rassenschänder
  • Trains 
    • cattle trucks
    • Sonderzug [special train]
  • Terror events:
  • Nazi organisations:
    • Nazi Party and Hitler 
      Nazi Party

      People

      • attitudes
      • Berlin
      • press
      • priest

      Harms to People, Places, and Property

      • Expropriations

      Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

      • Angriff, Der
      • Bürgerbräukeller, Munich February 1938
      • conference, September 1938
      • extermination policy
      • insignia
      • members
      • Novemberpogrom
      • Nuremberg conference 1939
      • Nuremberg rally 1937
      • race theories
      • salute
      Hitler, Adolf

      Bürgerbräukeller speech, November

      • In Development

      Düsseldorf visit

      • In Development

      Vienna visit

      • In Development
    • Gestapo [secret state police], SA and SS 
      Gestapo

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Bonn
      • Breslau
      • Cologne
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Rossauerlände
      • Vienna

      Harms to People, Places, and Property

      • antisemitic insults
      • interrogations
      • protection

      Emigration

      • emigration

      Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

      • Gestapo
      SA

      People

      • attitudes

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Cologne
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Fürth
      • Munich
      • Nordhausen
      • Palatinate
      • Ulm
      • Vienna

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald

      Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

      • Sturmbüro
      • SA-Verfügungstruppe
      SS

      People

      • assistance
      • attitudes
      • doctors

      Places

      • Beuthen
      • Bonn
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Nordhausen
      • Palatinate
      • Ulm
      • Upper Bavaria
      • Vienna

      Harms to People, Places, and Property

      • thefts

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • concentration camps
      • Dachau
      • Sachsenhausen

      Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

      • Ordensburgen
      • Polenaktion
      • Totenkopfverbände
      • SS-Verfügungstruppe
      • SS-Verfügungstruppe: Sachsenhausen
      • SS-Verfügungstruppe: Vienna
      • SS-Verfügungstruppe: Weimar

      Other

      • illegal
      • photographs
      • sworn in
      • training
    • Police and Kriminalpolizei [criminal police] 
      Police

      People

      • Berlin
      • Bonn
      • Breslau
      • Cologne
      • Czechoslovakia
      • Frankfurt am Main
      • Rossauerlände
      • Vienna

      Places

      • antisemitic insults
      • interrogations
      • protection

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald
      • Dachau
      Kriminalpolizei

      Places

      • Berlin
      • Cologne

      Concentration Camps

      • Buchenwald

      Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

      • Juni-Aktion
  • Emigration, borders, passports and visas 
    Emigration

    People

    • boys
    • children
    • police
    • Polish Jews
    • Zionists

    Places

    • advice centre
    • Altreich
    • Austria
    • Berlin
    • Bohemia
    • Cologne
    • Czechoslovakia
    • Hamburg
    • London
    • Moravia
    • Netherlands
    • Nuremberg
    • Palestine
    • Silesia
    • USA
    • Vienna

    Harms to People, Places, and Property

    • restrictions
    • taxes

    Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

    • Finanzamt
    • Gestapo

    Other

    • costs
    • equipment, medical and dental
    • funding
    • furniture
    • goods
    • green cards
    • illegal
    • inventories
    • musical instruments
    • passport
    • statistics
    • time limit
    Borders

    Places

    • Belgian
    • Czech
    • Dutch
    • German
    • Polish

    Other

    • permit
    • photographs
    Passports

    People

    • Aryans
    • Czech
    • Swiss

    Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

    • Polenaktion

    Other

    • expired
    • J mark
    • photographs
    Visas

    Places

    • Brazil
    • China
    • England
    • Hamburg
    • Panama
    • Shanghai
    • South America
    • Switzerland
    • Uruguay
    • USA

    Other

    • Vorvisum
  • Kindertransport 
    • In Development
  • Training for work abroad 

    Places

    • Munich
    • Netherlands
    • Palestine
    • Vienna

    Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

    • SS
  • Consulates and consuls 

    Consulates

    • American
    • Brazilian
    • British
    • Cuban
    • Czech
    • Dutch
    • Polish
    • South American
    • Vienna

    Consuls

    • Czech
    • Dutch
    • Peruvian
    • Swedish
    • Uruguayan
  • Expulsion 

    Places

    • Berlin
    • Kiel
    • Munich
    • Nuremberg
    • Rothenburg ob der Tauber
    • Vienna

    Concentration Camps

    • Dachau

    Terror Events and Nazi Organizations

    • Polenaktion